Finland Gets Nuclear; Why Don’t We?
Even long-time opponents of nuclear power are starting to see the light. Finland’s Green Party, for example, recently voted to support nuclear energy, including a demand to streamline the approval process for small modular reactors.
With Russia cutting off natural gas deliveries, the Finns have come to realize that nuclear energy provides substantial environmental, cost and security benefits.
Nuclear energy offers tremendous environmental advantages. Unlike conventional fossil fuels, it has almost zero emissions. It also requires a smaller footprint than solar or wind. According to one study, nuclear power requires just over 12 acres per megawatt of electricity produced. Solar requires more than 43 acres; wind over 70.
Although currently expensive to build, nuclear plants are inexpensive to operate: fuel accounts for only about 20% of a nuclear plant’s operating costs. And those costs are more stable over time, an especially appealing feature in times of inflation.
From a security standpoint, nuclear fuel is widely available and purchased years in advance.
Nuclear waste is a problem today, but it need not be. There are safe and effective methods for managing nuclear waste. The real problem is political mismanagement, which has blocked the safe storage of waste for decades.
Spent nuclear fuel is a solid product, not a sludgy witch’s brew. And there isn’t a lot of it. All of the spent fuel ever produced in the U.S. could fit on a single football field stacked 10 yards high.
In addition, spent fuel rods are recyclable. Over 90% of the energy potential in fresh nuclear fuel remains after it has run its course through a reactor. That means it can be used again.
Interestingly, France has integrated this process into its nuclear industry, and some advanced reactors may even be able to reuse “nuclear waste” as fuel.
So, why is the United States not following suit? It goes back to the 1982 Nuclear Waste Policy Act, which officially put Washington in charge of the process.
Predictably, Washington fumbled its obligations under the act by not fulfilling the law’s requirement to build a waste repository at Yucca Mountain. That has been costly. The General Accounting Office estimated last year that the Energy Department’s failure to meet its responsibility will cost taxpayers $40 billion — $8.6 billion of which has already been paid to utilities doing the government’s job.