Dominion’s New Grid Plan Overlooks Energy Storage in Favor of Gas Peakers
While other utilities launch full-scale grid battery projects, Dominion calls for gigawatts’ worth of new gas peakers.
High-tech grid resources that have become commonplace in some utility territories aren’t even considered in others.
California utilities are already deploying energy storage in place of new gas plants. Regulated utilities in places like Arizona, Florida and North Carolina have begun factoring substantial amounts of storage into their grid planning, in order to tackle peak demand and make the grid more flexible.
Meanwhile, Dominion Energy’s new long-term plan for Virginia and North Carolina barely mentions storage and instead calls for intensive deployment of new gas peakers.
The disparity in adoption of tools like battery storage means that ratepayers in some places get a fuller consideration of alternatives for utility investment. That analytical process impacts the kind of investments utilities end up making and the rates their customers have to pay.
From Dominion’s perspective, the price point of battery storage wasn’t ready for full consideration. For the storage industry, the time has already come.
“There’s really no excuse for any utility today to ignore storage as an investment option,” said Kelly Speakes-Backman, CEO of the Energy Storage Association.
GTM is hosting the first ever Energy Storage vs. Gas Forum in New York City on May 21. The daylong event will examine the growing competition between energy storage and natural gas to provide peak power. Can storage really compete with gas peakers? Do gas investors need to be worried?
Dominion Energy’s integrated resource plan (IRP) studies the regulated utility’s expected needs through the next five, 15 and 25 years. The document embraces new solar energy and even maps out scenarios for possible carbon regulation, while affirming the need for a more modern, flexible electricity system.
“A modernized grid will create a more dynamic system that is better able to respond to the growth of utility-scale solar facilities and the proliferation of smaller, widely dispersed distributed energy resources,” the document states.
That vision of an increasingly flexible, renewably powered grid sounds like a natural fit with energy storage, but Dominion’s document sidelines that resource from any meaningful role in the planning process.
The phrase “energy storage” appears nine times in the 200+ page Dominion IRP document. The key mention admits that Dominion doesn’t consider storage the way it evaluates traditional resources like gas plants.
“In addition to pumped storage hydroelectric power, the Company continues to monitor advancements in other energy storage technologies, such as batteries and flywheels,” the IRP states.
Meanwhile, the utility’s analysis calls for at least eight new combustion turbine plants totaling 3,664 megawatts by 2033, no matter which carbon regulation scenario comes into effect. Most of the scenarios include even more combustion turbines.
The IRP provides a snapshot of the current outlook for meeting customer needs, Dominion Energy spokesperson Rayhan Daudani told GTM in a written statement.
“At this point in time, natural gas provides the most cost-effective way for us to back up intermittent renewable energy sources,” Daudani said. “However, as costs shift, we could see batteries take on a greater role, just as renewables have in recent years.”
He added that storage will likely play more of a role in the next IRP filing, slated for 2020.
In particular, the legislature authorized a 30-megawatt pilot in the recently passed Grid Transformation & Security Act of 2018, which came together too late for full consideration in this IRP. Storage will become increasingly valuable as Virginia adds gigawatts of solar generation in the coming years.
Dominion understands the value of grid storage, Daudani noted, because the utility has been operating the 3,000-megawatt Bath County Hydro Pumped Storage Facility since 1985.
That single project wields 5.5 times the capacity of all U.S. storage deployments expected this year, according to GTM Research. But pumped hydro and advanced batteries operate very differently.
Pumped hydro looks like a massive infrastructure project: It requires both a very specific topology and permission to flood it. New construction in the U.S. has all but ended, although Dominion is scoping out a new facility site in Virginia’s coal country.
Lithium-ion batteries, on the other hand, can slip into sites large and small with minimal effect on their surroundings. They can deliver capacity in the middle of dense load pockets, because they don’t emit any point source emissions like a gas or coal plant does. And their rapid response capabilities work particularly well with the fluctuations of solar generation on the grid.