U.S. energy storage market grows nearly 10-fold by MWh during Q1
A surge in California’s market driven by the Aliso Canyon gas leak is behind much of the boom, as deployment shifts to longer-duration energy storage.
Energy storage markets in the United States continued their path of rapid growth during Q1, as documented in the latest quarterly edition of GTM Research and the Energy Storage Alliance’s (ESA) Energy Storage Monitor. Overall 71 MW of energy storage – almost entirely lithium-ion batteries – were deployed during the quarter, a 276% increase over the first quarter of 2016 roughly half the volume of the previous quarter.
However, when measured by duration – megawatt-hours (MWh) – the increast is much more dramatic. During the quarter 234 MWh of energy storage was deployed, more than any quarter in memory and nearly 10x as much as a year ago.
Both Q4 2015 and Q1 2016 were boosted by battery deployments to meet the urgent needs of California’s grid in the aftermath of Aliso Canyon gas leak, which decimated gas storage in Southern California. Similar to Q4 front-of-the meter installations represented the large majority of deployments during the quarter at 91%.
However, the difference from Q4 to Q1 also shows another trend, which is the move to longer-duration energy storage. The short-duration batteries deployed in previous quarters and years can meet needs such as frequency regulation, which was well-compensated in the PJM Interconnection market. Longer-duration batteries can be used to meet needs including load shifting and peak shaving.
This has been demonstrated by Tesla’s solar and battery project on the island Kaua’i, which allows a PV plant paired to meet evening peak demand on the island.
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